Show Notes for Podcast Episode #20
Principles of Overlanding: The Basic Overland Gear Everyone Should Have

For this Principles of Overlanding, Matt and Scott review the top ten pieces of kit that help support local and international overland travel. Topics include navigation, communications, recovery equipment, medical kits, training, tools, and more. 

Image: Sinuhe Xavier. Caption: Podcast host Scott Brady negotiates his BMW GS out of a boat along the border of Venezuela and Colombia. He took minimal gear to save weight, but had the essentials. 


This list is all about managing risk, and building confidence to explore remote locations with the essential gear.

The List: (details below)
1. Remote Communications :: Do you have a way to communicate while remote?
2. Mapping and Navigation :: Do you have paper maps at a minimum, supported by GPS?
3. Medical Training and Equipment :: Training is critical, which will reveal the required kit

4. Bug Out Bag :: Items above go in here, if you need to ditch the vehicle quickly
5. Tools and Spares :: Only the tools you need to save weight. Research critical spares for frequent failures
6. Recovery Essentials :: Can you get yourself unstuck? 
7. Proper (GVWR) Recovery Points :: For getting yourself unstuck, and helping others 
8. Proper Tires with a Full Size Spare :: The foundation of vehicle preparation is literally the tires
9. Loading and Lashing Points and Proper Straps :: Secure the load properly to prevent equipment damage and occupant injury 
10. Minimalist Camping Gear :: For sleeping in the backcountry by choice, or necessity

Minimalism is the key, as people have ridden around the world with only the gear that fits on a motorcycle. Here, Scott negotiates the GSA up a ramp near the Venezuelan border of Colombia. The team had just lost a rider into the river after he was rammed by the Colombian military. The ability to communicate quickly in an emergency is key. 

1. Communication
A. Near
1. GMRS / FRS like the Midland Radios
2. HAM 2 meter. Frequency 146.460 (a frequency credited all the way back to the 4WDTrips forum)
B. Standard = Cellular Smartphone
C. Global
1. Garmin inReach (recommended)
2. Spot Messenger
3. Bivy Stick (in testing)

2. Navigation
A. Paper Maps and Compass (most important)
B. GPS Device with Offline Maps
C. Apps
1. OnX
2. Gaia App
3. Tracks4Africa for Africa
4. HEMA 4WD App for Australia

3. Medical and Emergency Supplies
A. Basic Medical Kit and Training: Wilderness First Aid Training (WFA) from NOLS or similar
B. Basic First Aid Kit
1. What If Survival = First Aid Response Kit (Recommended)
     2. Moto = Rescue Essentials
3. Adventure Medical Kits
a. Dental Medic Kit
b. Syringe Kit 
C. Fire Extinguisher

 4. Bug Out Kit / Lighter
1. Communications and Navigation
2. Water and the ability to treat additional water
a. We use a water bottle that will both store water and filter additional water from backcountry sources, like this clever Grayl bottle
3. Body Heat / Shelter

We became believers in the bug out bag after (the first time) we fell into a crevasse. This image was taken just after barely reversing out of the collapsed snow bridge on the Eyjafjallajökull glacier in Iceland. 

5. Tools, Spares, Basic Fluids
A. Work with the tools travel with to determine what is needed, and what can be left behind
B. Use forums like IH8MUD and Expedition Portal to determine frequent failure modes
C. Tire Repair kit and Compressor
D. Spares and Fluids for your vehicle

6. Recovery Essentials
A. A good quality shovel
1. Glock entrenching tool
2. Spade with d-handle preferred
B. Self Recovery Traction Board and/or winch
C. Training in recovery skills

Vehicle Basics
1. Recovery Points or Transit Cluster
2. Tires in the appropriate tread pattern for your conditions with a full size spare
3. Proper Loading and Lashing points in the vehicle with rated and easy to manipulate straps
A. Roller Cam
B. Quickie Tiedowns
C. The Perfect Bungee

Camping can range from mild to wild. Start mild, with the backpacking gear already in the closet. This will safe money for fuel and time in the field, which will reveal the items that need to be replaced or improved.

Note: A list like this can certainly be expanded into infinity, often to the detriment of payload, budget, and minimalism. The intention is to highlight the basics so the traveler. . . can travel.

You never know when you might need a bug out kit. Keep it and the communication device close at hand. 

Additional Thoughts:

1. Tell someone where you are going
2. Preserve the vehicle through mechanical sympathy 
3. Get training before spending additional money
     a. 7P, Nena, Overland Training, Wilderness First Aid
4. Research the area
5. Initial vehicle inspection, daily checks